In the 1790s, a conflict between the first American political parties took shape. In fact, the Federalists, led by Alexander Hamilton, and the Republicans (also called Democratic Republicans), led by Thomas Jefferson, were the first political parties in the Western world. Unlike loose political groupings in the British House of Commons or in the American colonies before the revolution, both had reasonably coherent and principled platforms, relatively stable followers, and ongoing organizations. How did the debate between Jefferson and Hamilton shape the political system of the United States? Jefferson`s notes contain complaints about another of what Jefferson called Hamilton`s forty-five-minute jury speeches. And on the other hand, as he noted in a letter to Washington, Hamilton couldn`t stand the fact that whenever something didn`t happen in Hamilton`s direction, he could see Jefferson on the other side of the table smiling at him. When George Washington`s administration began, the two camps that had formed during the debates over the ratification of the Constitution – these groups known as federalists and anti-federalists – had not yet solidified into parties. But disagreements over the direction of the nation have already undermined any hope of political unity. In May 1792 Jefferson expressed in Washington his fear of Hamilton`s policies, calling Hamilton`s allies in Congress a “corrupt squadron.” He expressed concern that Hamilton would want to move away from the republican structure of the constitution to a monarchy modelled on the English constitution. That same month, Hamilton confided to a friend that “M. Madison, who works with Mr. Jefferson, is the head of a faction that is resolutely hostile to me and my government, and . .
. dangerous to the Union, peace, and happiness of the country. Things were not made any easier by their obvious personality differences, which became clearer over time as their worldviews and contradictory political choices emerged. Hamilton was many things jefferson was not: aggressive, confrontational, openly ambitious. .